Spectrum Management (Latin America) (2 days)
Spectrum Management (Latin America) is a two-day course in practical radio spectrum management, with an orientation towards a Latin American audience and taking into account current spectrum topics of interest to the region. The course is taught in a combination of Spanish and English, with interpretation of specific points available as needed. Printed course materials are available in either language (or in both for a small additional charge).
Spectrum Management (Latin America) provides a solid grounding in basic spectrum management terminology and principles for professionals who must quickly come up to speed on the diverse requirements of modern spectrum management.
The course is being held in Arlington, Virginia, immediately across the Potomac River from beautiful Washington DC.
Space is limited, so please register early. A limited number of hotel room reservations are being held at the rate of $159 per night. Please contact the Holiday Inn Rosslyn at Key Bridge directly, and reference the reservation code "RSI."
Spectrum Management (Latin America) Agenda
- An Introduction to the Electromagnetic Spectrum
An introduction to the fundamental physical and regulatory characteristics of the radio spectrum that are important to understanding the constraints related to the use of this finite natural resource. The following topics are covered:
- Electromagnetic waves
- How the radio spectrum fits into the larger concept of the electromagnetic spectrum: Radio, infrared, optical, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays
- Regulatory definition of radio waves
- An overview of radio propagation
- Band designators: VLF through EHF; Ka, Ku, S, C, L, etc.
- A brief introduction to radio propagation
- Radio services, allocations, and how to interpret the Table of Frequency Allocations
- An introduction to common technical factors often encountered in domestic and international regulations: Transmit power, antenna gain, EIRP, sidelobes, dB, dBi, dBd, and other common regulatory jargon -- simplified and explained
- Uses of the Radio Spectrum
An introduction to the history of radio and its uses, from the beginnings to today. We look at typical uses of each decade of the spectrum, from kilohertz to terahertz frequencies, and why those uses are appropriate for each range. We discuss in some detail the limitations of spectrum use due to propagation effects and its variation with frequency. We conclude this class with “A day in the life…,” a story that illustrates the uses of the spectrum encountered in everyday life.
- Brief history of radio waves and its uses
- Characteristics of radio waves: frequency, wavelength and their relation
- A tour through the radio spectrum: typical uses of each decade of frequencies, from kHz to THz
- Radio wave propagation: free space loss, refraction, diffraction and anomalous propagation
- A day in the life…. An illustration of the every day uses of the spectrum
From a physical standpoint, management of radio spectrum resources is fundamentally governed by interference. This class covers the range of interference mechanisms and their importance under various scenarios. It also discusses how these interference mechanisms apply in recent real-world cases.
- Co- and adjacent-channel interference
- Out-of-band emissions
- Spurious emissions
- Unwanted emissions
- Near-far effect
- Harmful interference
- International Spectrum Management
This course provides an overview of spectrum coordination and regulation at an international and regional level. The emphasis is on ITU processes and how to participate in them.
- The International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Who is in charge?
- The ITU Constitution, Convention, and Plenipotentiary
- The ITU sectors
- The ITU-R offices: Who to call for help?
- The ITU Radio Regulations
- The ITU-R study groups and their working methods
- ITU-R Reports and Recommendations: Examples and how to access
- World Radiocommunication Conferences, Conference Preparatory Meetings, and Radiocommunication Assemblies
- How to participate in the WRCs
- ITU regions
- Regional spectrum coordination: CITEL, APT, CEPT, and others
- Spectrum Management in the Americas
A detailed description of spectrum management in the USA. We discuss the differences and similarities o the US organization with the spectrum management organizations in Latin America and those of the Latin American countries among themselves.
- Radio spectrum management in the U.S.: the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)
- The functions of the FCC and the NTIA and how this dual organization work in the U.S. spectrum management process
- How is the FCC organized? The bureaus involved in spectrum management
- The role of the FCC’s Office of Engineering and Technology in the spectrum management process
- The spectrum management process in Latin America: Similarities and differences among the various countries
- Coordination among countries
- CITEL and its role in spectrum management in Latin America
- Satellites and Satellite Coordination
This course addresses applicable provisions in the Radio Regulations, frequency sharing considerations, link budget and interference calculations, Earth station characteristics, and antenna systems. Satellite coordination is particularly challenging because satellite signals can simultaneously impact radio spectrum use across a large fraction of the Earth's surface. Topics include:
- Satellites and satellite orbits
- Radio Regulations provisions and ITU-R procedures
- Frequency sharing between geostationary orbit (GSO) fixed-satellite service (FSS) networks
- Frequency sharing between the GSO FSS networks and other space services
- Quality and availability
- Link calculations
- Earth coverage and frequency reuse
- Configuration and general characteristics of Earth stations
- Antenna systems
- Orbital debris mitigation
- Nano- and picosatellites
- Current Topics in Spectrum Management
An overview of current priority areas in spectrum use and management. (Note: The topic areas may change based upon the latest developments.)
- Broadband plans in Latin America
- 700 MHz developments
- National priorities: Public safety and wireless broadband
- Digital TV transition across the region
- TV white spaces
- U.S. incentive auctions
- Nano- and pico-satellites: Opportunities and challenges for Latin America
- Software-defined and cognitive radios